By the 1921 census there were 513,472 Germans in Yugoslavia, of whom 70% in Vojvodina – 328,000. The German population was predominantly agrarian, living in villages spread all over Vojvodina. Only a small percents of Germans lived in urban areas (about 15% of all the citizens).

    Abthausen was a center of craft, Hodság was known for hemp production. Other bigger urban centers were Palánka, Cservenka, Beresztóc and Verbász. Agriculture was the main source of existence. Each village had a steam mill. They grew hemp and sugar beet. Viticulture was developed in Versec and Fehértemplom. Craft was very progressive.

     The rich soil of Vojvodina offered Germans well-being  and fulfilled their hunger for land. They  were given freedom, the right of ownership  and inheritance. As personalities they were characterized by cleanness, order and work. This was related to their clothes, houses, land and cattle. Many of them were both farmers and craftsmen – they had two professions (farmers and shoemakers, blacksmiths, carpenters, weavers, tailors and brewers).

     When Joseph II proclaimed his Patent in Vienna on September 21,1782 the potential immigrants were attracted by possibility of freely practicing their religion. They were given a house and a garden, farming land and lawns, cattle  and  tools.

     They also received 50 Rhein Forint (one could buy 150 kg wheat for  1 Rhein forint) , and the eldest son was freed of military service . They had free medical treatment in the newly built hospitals and they were freed  of taxes in the next  ten years after arrival.

     Those who were heading to Batschka had to register in the Free Imperial Town of Sombor, in the Chamber Office. This Office  was led by Mihaly Irményi, Baron Weisenbach and Sigmund Groman. The “Ansiedlungrenteamte” was founded
in 1783 and worked  until  1789. It was  led by József Huri and Franz Perger.

    Some settlements were founded already in the early period of immigration – Hodsag in 1743, Küllöd in 1756, Szentiván in 1763, Cservenka in 1785, Szivác  and Kula in 1786.


German merchants and miners started to settle  in the Kingdom of Hungary at the beginning of the 12th century, but this migration was not extensive. The colonization of Germans along the lower Danube area started intensively after the long period of Turkish rule (1552-1718)...