HISTORY OF COLONIZATION

     German merchants and miners started to settle  in the Kingdom of Hungary at the beginning of the 12th century, but this migration was not extensive. The colonization of Germans  (Aleman, Swabs, Francs and Bavarians) along the lower Danube area started intensively after the long period of Turkish rule (1552-1718). The first wave of resettlement came after the Ottoman Turks were defeated in the battle of Vienna in 1683, as they were gradually forced back. The Turks left this area of Central Europe, geographically known as the Panonnian plain,  totally devastated. It was full of swamps and marshland , partially covered with woods. In the scattered settlements lived the Serbian, Sokac and Bunjevac  population. The first impulse for an extensive  migration was given by the Empress Maria Theresa  (1740-1780) and later  her son Josef II (1780-1790).

     The House of Habsbourg wanted to populate this area with loyal people who would be a defense toward Turks and a balance toward  Hungarian classes. The Vienna Court decided to bring to this area , proclaimed the Serbian Vojvodina during the 1848 revolution,  peasants  from the German principalities, who would be a good military progeny. They were offered freedom from serfdom and free arable land with “fundus instructus”. During the period of propaganda, the Austrian  agents talked about a rich land, a land of abundance. The migration slowed down in the nineteenth century and was definitely stopped in 1829.

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HISTORY OF COLONIZATION        

German merchants and miners started to settle  in the Kingdom of Hungary at the beginning of the 12th century, but this migration was not extensive. The colonization of Germans along the lower Danube area started intensively after the long period of Turkish rule (1552-1718)...